The concept of green architecture has been around for decades, but has quickly gained prominence in recent years. Building a sustainable environment requires the construction of green buildings that are environmentally friendly and energy efficient.
With the creativity of skilled green architects, sustainable architecture has reduced the adverse impact of construction on the environment. Environmentally friendly buildings that are energy efficient are becoming increasingly popular as more and more homeowners accept them.
What is Green Architecture?
Green architecture is all about designing sustainable buildings with the main goal of minimizing the harmful impact of construction on the environment and human health. Green architecture goes beyond planting green plants on walls and roofs. This also involves other sustainable aspects such as:
- Renewable energy such as wind and solar energy
- Efficient ventilation system for cooling and heating
- Energy saving equipment and lighting
- Reducing danger to natural habitats
- Recycling of architectural rescue
- Responsible logging
- Maximizes natural protection
The Most Famous Green Architect in the World
Green architects have standard skills in architectural design and additional qualifications that demonstrate their experience and knowledge in green technology. In this article, we look at five of the most influential green architects in the world that are worth recognizing.
1. Frank Lloyd Wright
According to many people, he is a pioneer of green architecture. However, some people refute this claim on the grounds that sustainable architecture has existed since ancient Greek times. Ancient Roman aqueducts use the same principles as green architecture.
Frank Lloyd Wright did most of his work in the early 20sth century. As the father of organic architecture, he designs structures in such a way that they blend perfectly with their environment in natural form. Most of these structures are still stable today.
The principles of organic architecture allow Lloyd Wright to design a variety of structures, for the simple reason that the concept is philosophical and not construction style. Some of the structures that Wright designed included:
- Concrete Unity Temple, Illinois
- Falling Water, Pennsylvania
- Cement and stone house and studio, Wisconsin
As one of Wright's most well-known designs, sustainable aspects of Falling Water are the surrounding waterfalls and the 'heaven' forest. By using locally available res, the structure integrates perfectly with nature, making it amazing. However, based on today's standards, some Wright structures may not be green.
2. Ken Yeang
Ken Yeang, an architect from Malaysia, made remarkable achievements in green and sustainable architecture. His career as a green architect began in the 1970s after presenting his doctoral dissertation on ecological design and planning.
In Ken Yeang's career, one of his most significant contributions was designing bioclimatic skyscrapers. Instead of competing with the surrounding environment to build space, he uses it to create designs. It makes the structure more amazing and sustainable.
Today, most architects use Yeang's architectural design to build sustainable skyscrapers based on the surrounding environment. They design buildings while imitating nature. According to Yeang, failure to imitate nature would oppose it.
Ken Yeang has designed several structures, some of which are highly ranked. Some of the buildings include:
- National Library, Singapore
- Solaris Tower, Singapore
- Spire Tower, India
- Fusionopolis, Singapore
- Eco Tower, London
The Solaris Tower is one of Yeang's most popular designs because it includes bioclimatic skyscraper building techniques. It has a continuous ecological spiral road that runs from the ground level. It then connects the basement of the building with the surrounding park. With vertical organic landscapes, this creates a refreshing cool cooling effect.
3. Renzo Piano
Renzo Piano, an Italian architect, is one of the most prominent green architects in the world. The idea of the Renzo building goes beyond the limitation of environmental considerations and the design of the stereotypical sustainable building. It incorporates green elements in its design, making the structure environmentally friendly.
Renzo Piano has designed several buildings that have become world famous. Some building designs include:
- New York Times Building, New York
- The Shard, London
- Central Pompidou, Paris
- California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco
Among all the designs by Renzo Piano, California Academy of Sciences is the most popular green architectural design. This complex blends perfectly with the surrounding environment. On the green roof, there are three domes with local flora that are planted for native fauna.
Inside the California Academy of Sciences Building, there is a planetarium, aquarium, natural history museum and man-made rainforest. With more than 60,000 photovoltaic cells, this building makes good use of natural light in 90 percent of its space.
4. Glenn Murcutt
Glenn Murcutt is one of the most influential architects in Australia who has won many awards, including the prestigious Pritzker. Inspired by traditional buildings in his country, he began his career by designing simple and modern buildings.
One of Glenn's inspiration was a wool warehouse in New South Wales. This long and narrow structure was built to build sustainable housing. They are positioned so that they make full use of the wind for cooling and the sun for heating.
Using the principle of woolsheds, Glenn Murcutt designed the house with an efficient heating and cooling system. Not to mention, houses like that have open floor plans for good air circulation. Some of the buildings that Glenn designed include:
- Arthur and Yvonne Boyd Education Center, Riversdale
- Islamic Center of Australia, Newport
- Moss Vale Education Center, Moss Vale
Unlike other architects who have architecture firms in Australia, Glenn Murcutt does not run any large firm. However, his work gained recognition throughout the world, especially that he taught majoring in architecture.
5. William McDonough
There is no doubt that William McDonough is one of the most influential green architects in America. He has received several awards, including the most prestigious President's Award for Sustainable Development. In 2004, he received the National Design Award.
As one of the most famous environmental architects, William McDonough designs sustainable structures such as the Ford Rouge truck factory. It has an innovative air delivery system that reduces work channels. These trucks are still used today.
The Adam Joseph Lewis Center for Environmental Studies at Oberlin College is one of McDonough's best designs. This education center generates about 30 percent excess energy and shares it with neighboring communities.
William McDonough partnered with Brad Pitt to establish the Make It Right Foundation. A foundation committed to creating affordable green and storm resistant homes.
When it comes to sustainable architecture, green architects have made significant contributions to the sector. In addition to the five architects mentioned, there are more architects who came up with innovative ways of building green structural designs for sustainability. They included Eric Corey Freed, Norman Foster, Buckminster Fuller, Peter Busby, and Thom Mayne.