Guide to Luxembourg's Historic Attractions for Visitors
Located in the heart of Europe, Luxembourg has prevented itself from being swallowed up and put into other countries by using its location to become the center of European trade and international finance. Some of the biggest companies in the world, such as Amazon and Microsoft, have headquarters in Europe located there today, and every year thousands of people apply for work visas in Luxembourg, because it's not only a good place to visit but also to live and work.
Luxembourg is a very unique country that has the same culture, cuisine, history and architecture as many as other European countries. Luxembourg's building style is unique to the nation and includes beautiful palaces, cathedrals and bridges that have inspired countless works of art and literature. Here is a quick guide to some of Luxembourg's historic sites for you to visit on your next trip to one of Europe's best secrets.
Grand Ducal Palace, Luxembourg City
The site of the Luxembourg Palace was first used as the Luxembourg town hall in 1572 and is now the residence of the head of his country, the Grand Duke of Luxembourg.
His role as head of state's residence made him the Buckingham Palace in Luxembourg, with the guards doing their duties outside. Although smaller than some European countries, the palace is not lacking in grandeur, with towering towers and long balconies.
This palace was occupied by the Nazis in the Second World War and had to undergo significant repairs and repairs after the war to restore it to its former glory.
Notre-Dame Cathedral, Luxembourg City
Although it doesn't have the scale of a Paris partner, the Notre-Dame Cathedral in Luxembourg City is as beautiful and intricately designed.
The cathedral is a fantastic example of Gothic architecture, although features that are more reminiscent of the Renaissance have been incorporated for centuries. The cathedral is famous for three towers, the oldest being the original central tower, and two other towers added to the east and west sides when the site was expanded before the second World War.
The base of the cathedral incorporates a memorial to the Luxembourg Resistance of the Second World War which was instrumental in overthrowing Nazi troops and present with the Allies at the D-Day landing.
Neumunster Abbey, Grund District
The Neumunster monastery was one of the oldest sites in Luxembourg, and was originally a Benedictine monastery until it was destroyed in 1542. The monks later built a new monastery, or Neumunster, in 1606.
The building and central courtyard of the Monastery is now a cultural center and meeting place which was opened to the public after a major renovation in 2004. The Neumunster Monastery has a long and varied history, used as a police station and prison after the French Revolution, and as an army barracks for troops Prussia after the defeat of Napoleon in 1815.
This site was once again used as a prison by the Nazis during the occupation of Luxembourg, and many Luxembourg cultural and political figures were jailed there until liberation in 1945.
Vianden Castle, Vianden
One of the most beautiful palaces in Europe, Vianden Castle has inspired countless sketches and paintings, and this site has origins that stretch back to the Roman Empire.
Castle of Vianden is located on an impressive rocky cliff to dominate the city of Vianden, and provides a very beautiful view of the Our River. At 10th Ages, it is the site of the Roman Castellum, and the original castle was built on this in Roman style until it received more Gothic additions in 14th Century. The castle continued to receive extensions and improvements through the Renaissance period, but in the following years and decades it was left destroyed.
After extensive rebuilding work, the castle was reconstructed and restored to reflect its original Gothic appearance, while also rebuilding the elements of a large house added to the Renaissance. Now open to the public and one of the most popular tourist attractions in Luxembourg.
Luxembourg is a country filled with unique history along with architecture and design not found anywhere in the world. Make sure it's on your list of the best European vacation destinations.